- First, on a global level, corruption is considered one of the major obstacles for meaningful democracy, economic wealth and human well-being.
- Second, apart from direct costs, both petty and grand corruption erodes social trust and contributes to reinforcing dysfunctional norms in a society. As social trust is needed in most undertakings of collective action, this can in turn undermine the ability of states to collect taxes.
- Third, societies governed by corrupt systems and unethical norms provide a breeding ground for economic crisis. Whatever the underlying causes of economic and financial crisis, many governments react by introducing austerity measures.
- Teach teachers to encourage and facilitate the incorporation of ethics issues within their classes.
- Appreciate the opportunity to shape professional identities, which set the boundaries of future acceptable behaviour.
- 'Talk the talk' and 'walk the walk' – that is, in addition to educating on ethical behaviour it is crucial that universities – as agents providing a public good – themselves act accordingly, ensuring impartiality in teaching, student assessment and research and that matters regarding awards of degrees, employment and promotions are based on transparent and objective criteria.